TABLE 1 RACE OR COLOR1 IN THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS BY ISLAND: 1917-1990


1917 1930 1960 1970 1980 1990

N % N % N % N % N % N %


St. Thomas

Black 6,595 64.7 6,998 71.2 11,995 74.0 NA NA 35,641 80.3 39,482 82.0

White 1,293 12.7 1,578 16.0 2,923 18.1 NA NA 7,330 16.5 7,492 14.9

Mixed and Other2 2,303 22.6 1,258 12.8 1,283 7.9 NA NA 1,401 3.2 1,492 3.1

Total 10,191 100.0 9,834 100.0 16,201 100.00 NA NA 44,372 100.0 48,166 100.0



St. Croix

Black 12,238 82.1 9,592 84.1 7,825 52.3 NA NA 39,515 79.5 36,255 72.3

White 625 4.2 414 3.6 2,353 15.7 NA NA 6,299 12.6 5,373 10.7

Mixed and Other 2,038 13.7 1,407 12.3 4,795 32.0 NA NA 3,911 7.9 8,511 17.0

Total 14,901 100.0 11,413 100.0 14,973 100.0 NA NA 49,725 100.0 50,139 100.0



St. John

Black 690 72.0 653 85.3 814 88.0 NA NA 1,795 72.6 2,266 64.7

White 4 0.4 18 2.4 97 10.5 NA NA 651 26.3 1,210 34.5

Mixed and Other 265 27.6 94 12.3 14 1.5 NA NA 26 1.1 28 0.8

Total 959 100.0 765 100.0 925 100.0 NA NA 2,472 100.0 3,504 100.0



Virgin Islands

Black 19,523 74.9 17,243 78.3 20,634 64.3 45,309 72.5 76,951 79.7 78,003 76.6

White 1,922 7.4 2,010 9.1 5,373 16.7 11,339 18.2 14,280 14.8 13,775 13.5

Mixed and Other 4,606 17.7 2,759 12.6 6,092 19.0 5,820 9.3 5,338 5.5 10,031 9.9

Total 26,051 100.0 22,012 100.0 32,099 100.0 62,468 100.0 96,569 100.0 101,809 100.0




Sources: 1917-1990 U.S. Censuses of Population for the Virgin Islands of the United States.


Notes: 1In the 1917 to 1970 censuses, race or color was determined by census enumerators. In the 1980 and 1990 censuses, race or color was determined through self-identification.



2The category of mixed and other includes all persons of mixed black and other (white and nonwhite) parentage, and Chinese, Filipinos, East Indians, etc. Puerto Ricans, unless specifically white or black, have commonly been placed in this category. In the 1980 census, the category of "mixed and other" was reduced to a single category of "other".







TABLE 2 POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS BY PLACE OF BIRTH: 1917-1990


1917 1960 1970 1980 1990

N % N % N % N % N %


U.S. Virgin Islands 19,842 76.2 20,338 63.4 29,068 47.4 43,234 47.2 49,839 49.0

Puerto Rico 152 0.6 3,897 12.1 4,014 6.5 4,993 5.5 5,889 5.8

United States 603 2.3 2,585 8.1 8,058 13,1 11,964 13.1 14,246 14.0



West Indies/

Commonwealth Caribbean 4,267 16.4 4,150 12.9 14,424 23.5 26,410 28.8 23,134 22.7

Antigua-Barbuda 546 688 NA 4,951 4,332

Barbados 1,066 120 NA 315 240

BVI 1,089 2,086 NA 3,345 2,604

Dominica 31 42 NA 2,660 3,186

Grenada 11 3 NA 505 489

Montserrat 129 123 NA 707 613 SKN/Anguilla 1,274 973 NA 7,749 6,652

St. Lucia 10 12 NA 2,725 2,505

St. Vincent 63 5 NA 471 424

Trinidad and Tobago 22 36 NA 2,694 1,803

Other1 26 62 NA 288 251



Other Caribbean 657 2.5 561 1.7 3,384 6.3 1,906 2.1 2,073 2.0

Europe 350 1.3 290 0.9 847 1.4 - - 681 0.7

U.K. 49 55 221 260 236

Germany NA NA NA 201 120

Denmark 227 44 58 - 44

Other 74 191 568 - 281

All Other Countries 180 0.7 278 0.9 1,045 1.8 2,2363 2.4 5,937 5.8

Total 26,051 100.0 32,099 100.0 61,2904 100.0 91,2044 100.0 101,809 100.0




SOURCES: 1917 to 1990 U.S. Censuses of Population for the Virgin Islands of the United States.


NOTES: 1 Includes Jamaica and the Bahamas

2 Includes other Caribbean

3 Includes other Europe

4 Does not include a sucstantial number of persons whose place was not reported (5,365 persons in 1980)

TABLE 3 PERSONS BORN OUTSIDE THE USVI BY ISLAND OF RESIDENCE, 1980


COL COL ROW COL ROW COL ROW

VIRGIN

Place of Birth ISLANDS % ST. CROIX % % ST. JOHN % % ST. THOMAS % %




U.S. 11,964 24.8 5,606 22.6 46.9 569 46.0 4.8 5,789 26.7 48.4

PUERTO RICO 4,993 10.4 3,809 15.4 76.3 34 2.8 0.7 1,150 5.3 23.0

WEST INDIES

Anguilla 1,210 2.5 153 0.6 12.6 14 1.1 1.2 1,043 4.8 86.2

Antigua-Barbuda 4,951 10.3 2,959 11.9 59.8 14 1.1 0.3 1,975 9.1 39.9

Aruba, Curaco, Bonaire 454 0.9 347 1.4 76.4 6 0.5 1.3 101 0.5 22.2

Barbados 315 0.7 191 0.8 60.6 3 0.2 1.0 121 0.6 38.4

British Virgin Islands 3,345 6.9 109 0.4 3.3 155 12.5 4.6 3,056 14.1 91.4

Dominica 2,660 5.5 1,379 5.6 51.8 85 6.9 3.2 1,193 5.5 44.8

Dominican Republic 588 1.2 329 1.3 56.0 1 0.1 0.2 254 1.2 43.2

Dutch St. Maarten 322 0.7 130 0.5 40.4 2 0.2 0.6 207 1.0 64.3

Grenada 505 1.0 309 1.2 61.2 4 0.3 0.8 191 0.9 37.8

Jamaica 288 0.6 189 0.8 65.6 3 0.2 1.0 95 0.4 33.0

Montserrat 707 1.5 349 1.4 49.4 17 1.4 2.4 341 1.6 48.2

St. Kitts/Nevis 6,539 13.6 2,743 11.1 41.9 124 10.0 1.9 3,662 16.9 56.0

St. Lucia 2,725 5.6 2,249 9.1 82.5 112 9.1 4.1 364 1.7 13.4

St. Vincent 471 1.0 409 1.7 86.8 3 0.2 0.6 58 0.3 12.3

Trinidad and Tobago 2,964 6.1 2,159 8.7 72.8 19 1.5 0.6 574 2.6 19.4

Other West Indies 542 1.1 173 0.7 31.9 1 0.1 0.2 152 0.7 28.0

ELSEWHERE 2,697 5.6 1,195 4.8 44.3 70 5.7 2.6 1,369 6.3 50.8

NOT REPORTED 5,365 2,917 172 2,276




TOTAL 48,240 24,787 1,236 21,695






SOURCE: U.S. Buresu of the Census 1984b.











TABLE 4 SELECTED USVI SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISITCS BY RACE AND ETHNICITY,

1980 AND 1990


TOTAL BLACK WHITE HISPANIC

1980 1990 1980 1990 1980 1990 1980 1990






General Characteristics



Median Age 22.5 27.1 19.7 24.0 32.9 38.5 20.8 26.7

Employed Full Time 66.4 80.7 67.1 80.8 63.7 80.1 78.5 82.3

Unemployment Rate 6.2 6.7 7.2 7.5 2.7 2.5 7.2 9.3

Median Years of School Completed (Age 25+) 12.0 NA 10.1 NA 14.5 NA 9.6 NA

Persons Below Poverty Level 33.4 27.6 37.1 28.8 13.9 12.0 39.1 35.7

Percent of Persons (Age 65+) Living in Poverty 50.8 30.8 57.3 32.8 26.9 17.8 62.1 41.8

Fertility (children ever born per 1000 women

aged 35-44) 3.7 2.7 4.1 3.1 2.1 1.2 3.7 3.0

Recent Households with Telephones NA 81.5 NA 82.3 NA 84.4 NA 68.7





Household/Family Characteristics



Persons per Household 3.39 3.14 3.66 3.33 2.40 2.24 3.68 3.39

Persons per Family 4.11 3.78 4.34 3.93 3.04 2.88 4.18 3.88

Families by Type

With Own Children 68.5 56.7 73.7 60.0 45.5 37.0 70.1 59.9 Married Couple 65.3 57.3 61.2 51.8 81.2 81.5 69.0 59.3

Female Householder 28.7 33.4 32.6 38.7 13.3 11.2 25.6 30.0

Housing Units Owner Occupied(%) 39.3 44.6 38.1 43.3 44.0 47.3 -- 46.8

Median Value of Owner Occupied Unit -- 112,700 -- 106,400 -- 206,600 -- 81,300

Children Under 18 Years Old(%)

Living with Two Parents 59.8 54.8 57.9 51.4 74.9 88.9 63.1 57.8

Living With One Parent 31.0 37.8 33.0 41.2 19.1 10.1 -- 33.2





Education Characteristics



Years of School Completed (Age 25+)

% High School Graduates 50.0 56.5 40.2 50.1 85.2 87.7 38.7 41.6

College (4 Years or More) 14.2 15.1 7.0 9.8 39.5 37.9 7.6 8.2

TABLE 4 SELECTED USVI SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS BY RACE AND ETHNICITY,

1980 AND 1990 (CONTINUED)


TOTAL BLACK WHITE HISPANIC

1980 1990 1980 1990 1980 1990 1980 1990




Labor Force Characteristics


Participation Rate 64.2 67.6 62.9 67.3 71.6 74.4 54.9 59.5

Male 75.4 74.5 74.3 72.9 80.5 80.9 71.7 73.0

Female 54.5 61.4 53.3 62.4 63.0 67.3 40.2 47.2

Males Aged 20-24 Unemployed (%) 12.0 12.9 14.3 14.5 3.3 3.5 10.8 8.8





Class of Worker (%)

Private Wage and Salary 58.2 63.8 56.2 61.5 64.2 71.7 58.4 65.6

Federal Government 4.5 3.3 4.8 3.6 3.7 2.5 5.5 3.5

Local Government 29.4 24.2 33.4 28.0 16.7 11.1 28.8 22.9

Self Employed 7.6 8.6 5.5 6.6 14.6 14.7 7.0 8.0





Employment by Industry (%)



Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, Mining 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.0 2.2 2.3 1.2 2.1

Construction 10.3 12.9 11.4 12.3 6.5 14.5 11.7 16.5

Manufacturing 8.8 6.6 8.7 6.1 8.0 6.0 14.6 10.5

Transportation/Utilities 9.6 10.0 9.6 10.5 9.7 9.5 9.0 8.4

Trade, Wholesale and Retail 18.8 20.2 16.3 18.7 25.8 23.7 22.0 23.0

Finance, Insurance, Real Estate 5.3 5.7 4.9 5.3 6.7 7.7 5.7 4.1

Public Administration 11.5 11.6 13.2 13.5 6.5 4.9 11.8 11.1















TABLE 4 SELECTED USVI SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS BY RACE AND ETHNICITY,

1980 AND 1990 (CONTINUED)


TOTAL BLACK WHITE HISPANIC

1980 1990 1980 1990 1980 1990 1980 1990


Workers Occupation


White Collar 49.2 51.8 42.3 48.5 71.9 66.2 44.7 44.0

Managerial/Executive 11.3 11.5 8.2 9.6 21.7 19.8 10.7 8.8

Professional 11.4 10.0 8.8 8.8 20.0 15.8 8.3 6.6

Technical/Sales/Clerical 26.5 30.3 25.3 30.1 30.2 30.6 25.7 28.6

Blue Collar 28.6 27.7 38.0 28.4 18.3 21.6 38.5 37.2

Craft and Kindred 15.4 14.6 16.9 14.5 9.7 13.1 20.4 19.6

Operatives 3.4 3.4 10.0 3.7 3.4 1.8 4.6 4.5

Transportation 4.6 4.4 5.0 4.7 3.2 3.1 7.4 4.6

Service Workers 20.0 18.9 23.7 21.6 9.5 10.2 14.1 16.3

Farming, Forestry and Fishing 2.1 1.6 2.0 1.5 2.2 2.1 2.7 2.5





Income Characteristics (1979 and 1989) 1979 1989 1979 1989 1979 1989 1979 1989



Household Income (Median $) 11,090 22,050 9,908 20,166 17,281 35,689 9,655 17,466

Families 11,914 24,036 10,824 22,046 21,066 43,105 10,172 18,861


Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1984a, 1984b, 1985, 1993a, 1993b and 1993c


Note: 1. Hispanics can be either white, black or mixed ("other")





















TABLE 5 MEDIAN INCOME (US$, 1979) BY RACE AND ETHNICITY CONTROLLING FOR EDUCATION1


Years of School Completed Race

Persons 25+ All Black White Hispanic2




NONE 3217 (432) 3267 (300) 2864 (65) 2717 (195)


ELEMENTARY: 1 to 4 Years 4752 (1541) 4798 (1234) 4944 (133) 3865 (500)

5 & 6 Years 5632 (3965) 5571 (3566) 6395 (197) 5782 (532)

7 Years 6123 (3741) 6125 (3515) 6650 (103) 6236 (313)

8 Years 6445 (2777) 6412 (2441) 7421 (192) 6455 (409)



HIGH SCHOOL: 1 Year 6630 (2002) 6526 (1751 7697 (149) 6798 (301)

2 Years 6910 (1761) 6814 (1534) 8938 (131) 6889 (212)

3 Years 7004 (1405) 6888 (1204) 8667 (124) 7115 (171)

4 Years 8975 (9921) 8726 (7569) 10634 (1873) 9578 (1128)



COLLEGE: 1-3 Years 10977 (4115) 10800 (2034) 11235 (1922) 11456 (435)

4 Years 12870 (3185) 12775 (1107) 12873 (1961) 13765 (227)

5&6 Years 15154 (1734) 15245 (700) 15031 (968) 15490 (109)

7 or More 17557 (1046) 18805 (368) 16647 (624) 16412 (82)



ALL: 8067 (37625) 7380 (27343) 11582 (8442) 7503 (4614)




SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1985


NOTES: 1 Figures in parenthesis represent number of persons 25 years and over by years of school completed.



2 Hispanics can be of any race, either white, black or mixed ("other").











































TABLE 6 MEDIAN INCOME (US$, 1979) BY RACE AND ETHNICITY CONTROLLING FOR OCCUPATION1


RACE

OCCUPATION ALL BLACK WHITE HISPANIC2




Managerial and Professional 12525 (8045) 11833 (4394) 13808 (3270) 12271 (787)


Technical, Sales and 7950 (9187) 7517 (6415) 9877 (2311) 8070 (1032)

Administrative Support



Service 6123 (7082) 6047 (6136) 7152 (730) 6645 (563)



Farming, Forestry and Fishing 6172 (739) 6060 (521) 7111 (168) 6071 (112)



Precision Production, Craft and 8666 (5510) 8414 (4434) 11253 (764) 7976 (826)

Repair



Operators, Fabricators and 7164 (4634) 7082 (3876) 7800 (506) 7008 (741)

Laborers



All 8171 (35197) 7559 (25776) 11213 (7749) 8187 (4061)




Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1985.


Notes: 1Figures in parenthesis repreaent number of persons 16 years and over by occupation.



2Hispanics can be of any race, either white, black or mixed ("other").













































TABLE 7 MEDIAN INCOME (US$, 1979) BY RACE AND ETHNICITY CONTROLLING FOR INDUSTRY


RACE

INDUSTRY ALL BLACK WHITE HISPANIC1




All 8171 7559 11213 8187


Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries and 6464 6113 7000 5792

Mining



Construction 8484 8245 11545 7838



Manufacturing 11713 10919 15380 9333



Transportation 8280 7823 10233 8975



Communications and Utilities 11015 10606 15303 10417



Wholesale Trade 8564 7287 13057 7889



Retail Trade 6713 6192 8826 7000



Finance, Insurance and

Real Estate 8577 7949 12443 8333



Business and Repair Service 7603 6946 10222 7333



Personal, Entertainment and

Recreation Services 5694 5346 9059 5729



Professional and Related Services 8646 7805 12029 8417



Public Administration 9985 9463 13843 10137




Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1985.


Note: 1Hispanics can be either white, black or mixed ("other")



























TABLE 8 RACE AND ETHNICITY BY ISLAND AND CENSUS SUBDISTRICT, 1990


ISLAND AND TOTAL RACE ETHNICITY

CENSUS SUBDISTRICT BLACK WHITE OTHER HISPANIC ORIGIN NON-HISPANIC ORIGIN

N N % N % N % N % N %




St. Croix 50139 36225 72.2 5373 10.7 8541 17.0 11425 27.8 38714 77.2

Anna's Hope 3663 2604 71.1 725 19.8 334 9.1 594 16.2 3069 83.8

Christiansted 3199 2564 80.2 248 7.7 387 12.1 575 26.2 2624 73.8

East End 1740 586 33.7 1011 58.1 143 8.2 278 16.0 1462 84.0

Fredericksted 4066 3377 83.1 120 2.9 567 14.0 743 18.3 3323 81.7

North Central 5495 3844 70.0 448 8.2 1203 21.9 1482 27.0 4013 73.0

North West 4828 3906 80.9 393 8.1 529 11.0 654 13.5 4174 86.5

Sion Farm 11883 8038 67.6 1581 13.3 2264 19.1 2666 22.4 9217 77.6

South Central 7425 4973 67.0 561 7.6 1891 25.5 2547 34.3 4878 65.7

South West 7840 6363 81.2 287 3.6 1191 15.2 1886 24.1 5954 75.9



St. John 3504 2266 64.7 1210 34.5 28 0.8 93 2.7 3411 97.3

Central 621 290 46.7 324 52.2 7 0.1 9 1.4 612 98.6

Coral Bay 363 260 71.6 101 27.8 2 0.6 7 1.9 356 98.1

Cruz Bay 2469 1697 68.7 753 30.5 19 0.8 77 3.1 2392 96.9

East End 51 19 37.2 32 62.8 0 0 0 0 51 100.0



St. Thomas 48166 39482 82.0 7192 14.9 1429 3.0 3190 6.6 44976 93.4

Charlotte Amalie 20589 18647 90.6 1367 6.6 575 2.8 1583 7.7 19006 92.3

East End 5927 4543 76.6 1230 20.7 154 2.6 358 6.0 5569 94.0

Northside 6404 2793 43.6 3260 50.9 351 5.5 415 6.5 5989 93.5

Southside 4668 3593 77.0 787 16.9 288 6.2 313 6.7 4355 93.3

Tutu 9084 8875 97.7 128 1.4 81 0.9 409 4.5 8675 95.5

Water Island 172 12 7.0 160 93.0 0 0 6 3.5 176 96.5

West End 1322 1019 97.1 260 19.7 43 3.3 106 8.0 216 92.0




Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1991.














TABLE 9 POPULATION(PERCENT) BY RACE AND ETHNICITY OF HOUSEHOLDER AND BY ISLAND AND

CENSUS BLOCK NUMBERING AREAS, 1990.


RACE/ETHNICITY ISLAND AND BLOCK NUMBERING AREA Virgin Islands St. Croix St. John St. Thomas

Black (not Hispanic) 71.6 66.2 63.3 77.9



White (not Hispanic) 12.4 9.3 33.4 12.4



Other (not Hispanic) 1.5 1.7 0.9 1.5



Hispanic 14.5 22.8 2.4 6.6





St. Croix



9701 9702 9703 9704 9705 9706 9707 9708 9709 9710 9711 9712 9713 9714 9715 9716

Black (not Hispanic) 30.5 74.5 79.4 45.7 58.3 65.8 66.3 63.6 91.4 48.7 79.0 67.3 74.3 58.0 62.2 64.2



White (not Hispanic) 52.0 6.6 1.1 20.1 10.9 18.0 9.6 2.5 2.5 19.2 2.4 5.3 0.7 1.6 13.0 17.7



Other (not Hispanic) 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.2 2.0 3.7 1.1 1.8 1.2 0.9 0.3 2.9 1.4 0.2 2.2 2.1



Hispanic 16.0 17.8 17.7 33.0 28.8 12.5 23.0 32.1 4.9 31.2 18.3 24.5 23.6 40.2 22.6 16.0





















TABLE 9 POPULATION (PERCENT) BY RACE AND ETHNICITY OF HOUSEHOLDER AND BY ISLAND AND CENSUS BLOCK NUMBERING AREAS, 1990. (CONTINUED)


St. John St. Thomas

9501 9502 9601 9602 9603 9604 9605 9606 9607 9608

Black (not Hispanic) 54.3 67.1 79.9 93.4 94.6 49.1 42.3 51.7 NA 82.7



White (not Hispanic) 17.7 43.4 29.3 13.8 1.3 1.0 40.2 49.6 NA 6.6



Other (not Hispanic) 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 3.5 1.3 6.1 NA 0.8



Hispanic 1.5 3.1 5.8 5.0 4.2 7.2 6.8 7.2 NA 9.9



St. Thomas



9609 9610 9611 9612 9613 9614 9615 9616

Black (not Hispanic) 78.5 80.5 87.3 89.9 88.6 73.5 70.4 7.0



White (not Hispanic) 7.4 11.3 4.2 4.2 2.2 16.9 22.9 89.5



Other (not Hispanic) 3.5 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.7 3.5 0.7 0.0



Hispanic 10.6 6.9 7.8 4.8 8.5 6.4 6.0 3.5


Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1993c.