Sustainable Tourism Coastal Development:
Some Policy Suggestions
Jerome L. McElroy
This paper addresses coastal tourism development problems primarily in small Caribbean islands in three sections. The first argues there are four major causes of environmental overrun: neglect, mass tourism promotion, scale disequilibrium and stakeholder conflict. The second reviews the contrasting cases of Bermuda and Antigua to identify the determinants of sustainability: conservation tradition, community participation, destination identity, long-term policy and economic diversification. The third suggests three new directions: (1) strengthening among stakeholders a basic integrative understanding of how terrestrial and marine ecosystems interact to preserve overall ecological stability, (2) mounting a comprehensive coastal planning process, and (3) presenting a detailed description of the U.S. Virgin Islands Coastal Zone Management Program as a model for discussion.